In 1931 Stalin wrote: "In the U.S.S.R. anti-semitism is punishable with the utmost severity of the law as a phenomenon deeply hostile to the Soviet system. Under U.S.S.R. law active anti-semites are liable to the death penalty." On November 29, 1936 in a speech before the eighth All-Union Congress of Soviets, Molotov, Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars, but often referred to as "Russia's premier", stated:
"The Nazi leaders have well earned the appellation of 'modern cannibals.' The Nazi attitude is one of barbarism and cruelty. The Fascists are the destroyers of culture and the advocates of monstrous social theories.
Their persecution of the Jews is in marked contrast to our respect for this race, which gave us Karl Marx. Hitler is using the Jews as scapegoats for his nation's internal difficulties. Whereas in the Soviet Union actual anti-Semities are shot."
This quote (or most of it) is found in the following three sources. Interestingly, the final one, the - American Jewish Year Book, decided not to include the sentence about shooting antisemities.
- Hunterberg, Max. Tragedy of the Ages: Anti-Semitism, the Root, Cause, and Cure. New York: Associated Press. 1937. p.144.
- The Daily Gleaner (Kingston, Jamaica), December 1, 1936, p.12
- American Jewish Year Book. Volume 39. 1938-1939. p.457 — PDF