"The very first order of the Bolshevist government was that pogrom makers shall be shot down on the spot without trial."
- Leon Trotsky, March 3, 1918, Petrograd
(included within "progrom makers" were shopkeepers and tradesmen)
Herman Berstein (1876 - 1935) was a Russian Jew who emigrated in 1901 to America, where he became a hugely successful journalist. During his career he interviewed some of the most prominent figures in the world, from popes to presidents. He also edited The Jewish Tribune and Jewish Daily Bulletin.
On March 3rd 1918, he was in Petrograd (formerly St. Petersburg), where he interviewed his brethren and fellow "stein" Trotsky. Berstein seems to have written many lengthy articles from Russia on the Bolsheviks, for example the entire page (facsimiled) below, was written by him, and it's just the "ninth Instalment." From reading the article I've posted from him, you can see that Berstein liked to paint the Bolsheviks as serious antisemities, who immediately picked up where the Czar had left off, pogroming the poor Russian Jew, the eternal victim.
By February 18th, 1919, Berstein was back in the U.S.A, he was testifying at the U.S. Senate Subcommittee hearing on "Bolshevik Propaganda." As soon as Berstein took his seat—without being prompted—he launched into an embittered defence against the allegation that Bolshevism was Jewish. He called Lenin a "Christian.", claimed that the "most influential Bolshevist leaders", are "Christians," and claimed American propagandists were misrepresenting the "beauty of the Bolsheviki régime." The exchange can be read here.