"The non-Jews are considered similar to dogs; they are even, according to the Mekhilta, of a lesser account than dogs. Ishmael, the ancestor of the Arabs, is "equal to a dog", for both he and the dog eat carrion. Eating together with an uncircumcised is like eating together with a dog: for a dog is also uncircumcised. R. Akiva told Turnus Rufus that he appeared to him in a dream as a dog, and with good reason: for
'what is the difference between you and dogs-you eat and drink, and so do they, you bear fruits and multiply, and so do they, you will eventually die, and so will they.'